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For every ailment in the human body, there is a specially trained doctor to help. In fact, there are probably more healthcare specialities than you even imagined. This new series will help introduce you to the different facets of healthcare and what each specialty does for your health. In Part 1, we will be covering Ophthalmology, Neurology, Medical Genetics, and Dermatology. 


This specialty focuses on eye health and issues associated with vision. Ophthalmologists perform general medical and surgical procedures. Much like the majority of medical specialties, ophthalmology is broken down into even more specific subspecialties, including Neuro-ophthalmology, the treatment of vision conditions stemming from the nervous system, and Strabismus/pediatric ophthalmology, treatment of eye disorders in infants and children, among others.


Doctors trained in neurology are specialists on nerves and the nervous system. While many assume that neurologists typically only study neural pathways in the brain, they also treat and diagnose spinal cord and muscle injuries, as well as diseases associated with peripheral nerves and blood vessels. Those who suffer from strokes, Alzheimer’s disease, and seizures are usually required to visit a neurologist. Neurology can be broken down into numerous subspecialties, as well. For example, a neurologist may specialize in brain injuries or pediatric neurology. 

Medical Genetics

Chances are, you’ve had to fill out an intake form at a doctor’s office. If so, you’ve most likely delved into a bit of your family medical history, which can provide a wealth of information to your physician. Medical Geneticists treat and diagnose hereditary diseases and genetic defects. What’s more, the field of medical genetics conducts a multitude of research in order to diagnose, properly treat, or eradicate hereditary diseases. The field of medical genetics can be broken down into four subspecialties, such as Biochemical Genetics, Clinical Cytogenetics, Clinical Genetics, and Molecular Genetic Pathology.


Skin is the largest organ in our body. As such, it requires its own field of study. However, dermatologists not only diagnose and treat skin conditions, they also take care of conditions in the hair, nails, and associated mucous membranes. The field of dermatology provides diagnosis for conditions like skin cancer, inflammatory diseases, and infectious diseases. Dermatologists perform both standard medical and surgical procedures, as well as treat and perform cosmetic procedures for conditions such as cystic acne, eczema, and psoriasis.